If and when the subject departs the address either by vehicle or on foot it is imperative that some distance be given as most investigators when sprung or busted have usually been spotted by the subject when first leaving the vicinity of the subjects home.
Private Investigator Training - Surveillance Techniques
- Drive smoothly do not accelerate harshly or squeal tyres this will only draw attention to your vehicle by other resident and possibly the subject,
- Note the subjects driving demeanour, does he drive in the left or right lanes as a matter of habit, does he watch or scan his rear vision mirrors or side mirrors as he drives, does he present as surveillance conscious.
- Does the subject engage in any anti Surveillance techniques such as watching his or her mirrors of the vehicle, accelerating and slowing down in traffic or quiet streets. Indicates to turn left then turns right or vice a versa.
- He turns into a street and stops immediately to see who if anyone follows him or her into the street, uses quiet back streets or lane ways, enter a car park and drive around and then drive away from the car park.
- Some subjects are naturally surveillance conscious and others have been made surveillance conscious by ‘Burning’ a previous investigator.
- Subjects are usually aware of usual vehicles parked in the immediate vicinity of their residence. If when departing their home they sight an unknown vehicle in the street they may engage in anti-surveillance techniques to ascertain if the strange vehicle is following them.
- If the subject drives in a fast and erratic manner do not be tempted to do the same as it will only confirm the subjects suspicions and you are only placing yourself and others in danger.
- It is always better to lose contact with the subject than to confirm his / her suspicions that they’re being followed. You can always go back and continue surveillance at a latter date, but if you are ‘Burnt’ the subject will be surveillance conscious when departing their residence, making any future surveillance difficult.
- All these acts can indicate that the subject may be surveillance conscious or may be that the subject is lost, a bad driver or careful of driving because he or she may not have a drivers licence. In any event only the investigator that sights such activity can access why the subject may be engaging in such activity.
- Note any distinguishing features of the vehicle driven by the subject apart from the colour or the model. Does it have a Rear Window Louvre, CB aerials, Roof Rack, Damage, only one brake light or anything else that makes it distinctive and that can assist in identifying the vehicle amongst traffic or from a distance.
- Note if there are passengers within the vehicle or if in fact the subject a passenger being conveyed by an unknown family member.
- Upon the vehicle stopping it is imperative that visual contact be maintained to observe the subjects attire to assist in locating or conducting surveillance upon alighting the vehicle, especially amongst busy shopping areas.
- (Workers Comp) Note if the subject is wearing any obvious or visible medical support in connection with his or her alleged injury. Does the subject move or walk any evident restriction or discomfort.
- Is the subject cautious or suspicious of his / her surroundings, do they look around or behind themselves as they walk, do they look into shop windows for reflections of persons in their proximity.
- The investigator must be conscious of the subjects demeanour, mannerisms and should always note the type of street entered by the subject, whether they are suspicious or not, the last thing you want to do is to drive into a street not realising it is a Court and drive into the subject
- Due to the constraints of surveillance both static and mobile it is near impossible to accurately write diary notes in detail regarding what the subject does, where he or she goes and the associated detail such as addresses, vehicles, shops etc.
- The only practical manner in recording such detail effectively is to use a small voice recorder and to use those voice recording notes at the end of the day to write in a form of a daily diary notes all events witnessed regarding the subject.
- Freeway and highway surveillance should be conducted at some distance and affords the investigator to give the subject a rest from the visibility of the investigators vehicle , however the investigator should be vigilant and watch for signs announcing off ramps or exits from the freeway or highway and closer proximity is advised as the exits approach.